El presente de subjuntivo

 
Drop the o from the first person singular (yo) form of the presente indicativo (hablo, pienso, traigo, become habl, piens, and traig) and add the subjuntive endings, which are generally the "opposite" ones.

HABLAR --> hablo

hable

hables

hable

hablemos

*habléis

hablen

COMER --> como

coma

comas

coma

comamos

*comáis

coman

ESCRIBIR --> escribo

escriba

escribas

escriba

escribamos

*escribáis

escriban

 

For verbs with an irregular "yo" form that still end in "o," use the same pattern as above. Still drop the o from the presente indicativo, but look back at the infinitivo to be sure you are following the correct pattern.

HACER --> hago

haga

hagas

haga

hagamos

*hagáis

hagan

VENIR --> vengo

venga

vengas

venga

vengamos

*vengáis

vengan

CABER --> quepo

quepa

quepas

quepa

quepamos

quepáis

quepan

 

CONOCER --> conozco

conozca

conozcas

conozca

conozcamos

*conozcáis

conozcan

DECIR --> digo

diga

digas

diga

digamos

*digáis

digan

VER --> veo

vea

veas

vea

veamos

*veáis

vean

 

For stem-changing verbs in the presente indicativo that end in ar or er, you will NOT change the stem of the nosotros or vosotros forms.

PENSAR --> pienso

piense

pienses

piense

pensemos

*penséis

piensen

ENTENDER --> entiendo

entienda

entiendas

entienda

entendamos

*entenáis

entiendan

volver --> vuelvo

vuelva

vuelvas

vuelva

volvamos

*volváis

vuelvan

 

For stem-changing verbs in the presente indicativo that have a change of a single (i) and end in "ir" (like pedir and servir), you will stem-change every subject in the presente de subjuntivo, including nosotros y vosotros.

SEGUIR --> sigo

siga

sigas

siga

sigamos

*sigáis

sigan

VESTIRSE --> me visto

me vista

te vistas

se vista

nos vistamos

*os vistáis

se vistan

PEDIR --> pido

pida

pidas

pida

pidamos

pidáis

pidan

 

For stem-changing verbs in the presente indicativo that end in ir and are (ie) and (ue) changers like dormir, morir, preferir, sentir, and sugerir, etc..., you will change the presente de subjuntivo according to it's "yo" form in the presente indicativo, as in, with the (ie) or (ue) change, EXCEPT FOR the nosotros and vosotros forms, who will change according to their stem-change in the pretérito. This means that in the stem-change for the nosotros and vosotros forms, you will drop off the "e" from the (ie) and the "e" from the (ue).

DORMIR --> duermo

duerma

duermas

duerma

durmamos

*durmáis

duerman

SENTIR --> siento

sienta

sientas

sienta

sintamos

*sintáis

sientan

PREFERIR --> prefiero

prefiera

prefieras

prefiera

prefiramos

*prefiráis

prefieran

 

Verbs that end in car will change to que for every subject. This is to keep the sound the same as the infinitivo.
Verbs that end in gar will change to gue for every subject. This is to keep the sound the same as the infinitivo.
Verbs that end in zar will change to ce for every subject. (Note: If a "z" is ever followed by an "e" in any circumstance, not just verbs, you will have to change the "z" to a "c." 
*All previous stem-changing rules apply -  note jugar and empezar, in relation to the nosotros and vosotros..

SACAR --> saco

saque

saques

saque

saquemos

*saquéis

saquen

JUGAR --> juego

juegue

juegues

juegue

juguemos

*juguéis

jueguen

EMPEZAR --> empiezo

empiece

empieces

empiece

empecemos

*empecéis

empiecen

 

Verbs whose "yo" form in the presente indicativo do not end in "o" will be irregular in the presente de subjuntivo

SER --> soy

sea

seas

sea

seamos

*seáis

sean

DAR --> doy

des

demos

*deis

den

ESTAR --> estoy

esté

estés

esté

estemos

*estéis

estén

IR --> voy

vaya

vayas

vaya

vayamos

*vayáis

vayan

SABER -->

sepa

sepas

sepa

sepamos

*sepáis

sepan

HABER --> he

haya

hayas

haya

hayamos

*hayáis

hayan

 

*Note: The vosotros is only used in the country of Spain

Back to main verb page
 

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Page maintained & edited by Seńor Schartow, and Seńor Pez, and formerly: Carrie Johnson, Joe Male, and Tara Penney

Contact Us    Home    EF Tours
Copyright © 2005-2011 Linden High School Spanish Club. All Rights Reserved.                                  Hit Counter

Page maintained & edited by Seńor Schartow, and Seńor Pez, and formerly: Carrie Johnson, Joe Male, and Tara Penney

Contact Us    Home    EF Tours
Copyright © 2005-2011 Linden High School Spanish Club. All Rights Reserved.                                  Hit Counter

Page maintained & edited by Seńor Schartow, and Seńor Pez, and formerly: Carrie Johnson, Joe Male, and Tara Penney

Contact Us    Home    EF Tours
Copyright © 2005-2011 Linden High School Spanish Club. All Rights Reserved.                                  Hit Counter

Page maintained & edited by Seńor Schartow, and Seńor Pez, and formerly: Carrie Johnson, Joe Male, and Tara Penney